Football

Sports place a high demand on your visual system. Peak performance requires clarity of vision, efficient eye teaming and focusing skills, and superior visual processing abilities. While clear vision is beneficial in all sports, the specific demands a particular sport places on your visual system during competition is rather unique to that sport. For example, some sports require you to contact a moving object with your hand, foot, or piece of equipment while others require that you strike a stationary object. The Sport-Specific Athlete Vision Profile presented below depicts the relative demands placed on your visual system when playing basketball. Keep in mind that the visual demands may vary between the different positions on a team or between offense and defense, but this diagram is meant to be encompass the visual demands of the various skill positions.

 

 

 

Below is a description of the 12 aspects of the Sport-Specific Athlete Vision Profile:

  • Visual Attention: Visual attention can either be central, peripheral, or divided. For football, visual attention is divided with an emphasis on central vision.  An awareness of your surroundings is necessary during football, but focus is dedicated to the football when catching.
  • Duration: The visual demands of a sport can either be short duration or sustained.  Football requires sustained visual attention through the four quarters but has moments of very high intensity, short duration, visual attention.  These moments occur during each play that a player is involved in.
  • Directional Localization: This skill is used when determining the direction and speed of a moving object.  During football, both the ball and the other team create directional localization demands.  Awareness of the flight path of the ball allows one to make a catch while an awareness of the speed and direction of the players on the other team allows one to either make or avoid tackles.
  • Dynamic-Reactive: A sport that requires contains a dynamic-reactive component requires an athlete to quickly respond to a moving object.  It goes without saying that football is all about split second decision making on both offense and defense.
  • Athlete Movement: An athlete can either be in motion or relatively stable during competition.  In nearly all cases, football players are in motion when attempting visual tasks such as catching a pass, making a pass, intercepting the ball, or making a block.
  • Target Demand: The target during competition can either be static (stationary) or dynamic (in motion). Dynamic targets present vision information in a constantly changing manner, requiring the athlete to process changes in visual information in a fluid manner.
  • Target Size: The target (football) is relatively large however the visual demands are quite high, which requires very fine tuned interpretation of visual information.
  • Visual Distance: This is the distance of the target which is providing the visual demand during competition. The visual distance during football is highly variable.  For many of the players the most important distance is within a few feet (when running the ball, blocking, or running short routes), but for other plays the visual distance can be as much as 100 yards.
  • Gaze Angle: This refers to the direction you must look during a given activity. Football requires athletes to look in nearly all directions.  One unique aspect of football is that it requires players to turn their heads significantly while catching (over the shoulder throws).  This means that players must be able to use both monocular and binocular cues to depth while playing.
  • Boundaries: The visual boundaries of a sport refers to the visual area that an athlete must attend to while competing. In many cases the visual boundaries coincide with the boundaries of the playing surface. 
  • Contrast / Figure-Ground: Contrast sensitivity, or the ability to distinguish between different shades of the same color is very important during competition. Figure-ground, or the ability to identify an object of importance from background clutter, is also important.  
Improvement Starts Here

With over 25 years of proven success, you can trust Advanced Vision Therapy Center to provide the care you need.

Our Clinical Director is Idaho's only residency trained optometrist in vision therapy and neuro-optometry and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry.  His residency at University of California, Berkeley means he has the expertise and experience to treat even the most complex cases.

Read what our patients have to say.

Blog
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a term used within the medical community to describe an injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative. Traumatic Brain Injury can be result from a blow to the head, whiplash, seizure disorders, tumors, stroke, toxic exposure, or infectious diseases to name a few. The incidence of prevalence of brain injury outnumbers breast cancer, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis and HIV/AIDs combined.   ... Read More
Many people have heard of vision therapy, but don't know a lot about it. As with any type of therapy, the effectiveness of the program is dependent upon several factors. It is advisable to ask questions and do your homework. Vision therapy programs vary greatly from provider to provider. ... Read More
  Everyday in our schools students are presented with information that they are required to look at, interpret, and process that information. For years it was believed that the eyes had nothing to do with learning. That is definitely not the case. Did you know it is estimated that 80% of what we learn is through visual information?     ... Read More
  Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is a common eye-teaming problem which occurs when the eyes are unable to maintain the ocular posture necessary for reading or near tasks. Convergence Insufficiency results from misalignment of the eyes when focusing on up close, such as when reading. The eyes have a strong tendency to drift outward when reading or doing close up work. The exact cause is unknown.    ... Read More
  After this abnormally tedious Boise winter, we are all ready to get outside and play in the sun! Hold on though, before you rush outside, have you taken the necessary precautions to protect yourself for ultraviolet rays? There are three types of ultraviolet rays, these wavelengths are not visible to the human eye and are shorter than violet wavelengths of light.    ... Read More
  Whether you are playing sports as a hobby or competitively there is a lot to consider. Are you using proper form? Is your equipment up to date? Are you warmed up? Are you wearing the appropriate safety gear? Is your opponent looking bigger and stronger than last time? Seriously, did he grow six inches? Whatever your thought process or preparation is you may be missing a key step. Are you wearing your protective eye-wear?   ... Read More
  Eye tracking, also referred to as visual tracking, is the ability of one's eyes to ?track? from left to right in an efficient manner, and ?follow? the movement of objects. Eye movements should be smooth and consistent, with the ability to be completed quickly.    ... Read More
  As children with undetected vision problems continue year after year, frustration with academic activities can be observed in behavior.  ... Read More
  The human brain measures time continuously, and has developed three general classes of timing systems: circadian, interval, and millisecond timing. Neuroscientists believe that we have distinct neural systems for processing these different types of time. Poor timing or synchronization between the three major brain networks has been implicated in several conditions.   ... Read More
  Well folks, Idaho has officially been taken over by ?Snowpocalypse.? While this record amount of snow poses a lot of challenges (school cancellations, treacherous driving, shoveling, flooding, etc.) it can also be an exciting time for outdoor enthusiasts! Anytime there is precipitation coming down in town winter sports enthusiasts can be spotted with enormous grins. What does that grin mean? Powder day, the best day of the year!   ... Read More
Contact Us

7960 W. Rifleman Street, #155
Boise , Idaho , 83704 USA
Phone:  208-377-1310
Fax:  208-321-1952