What is sensory integration?

Sensory integration dysfunction is a neurologic condition that can cause children to process environmental sensations in an inappropriate way.  As a result, they may either seek out strong sensations or avoid even mild sensations.  Some of the characteristics of these children may be hyperactivity, poor awareness of pain, high risk taking, listening to loud sounds, clumsiness, poor fine motor skills, poor gross motor skills, poor visual tracking, problems with sequencing, and problems with balance.  Sensory integration dysfunction often is related to children with developmental disabilities, autism, and attention deficits.

Sensory experiences include touch, movement, body position, vision, smell, taste, sound and the pull of gravity.  The process of the brain organizing and interpreting this information is called sensory integration.  Sensory integration provides a crucial foundation for later, more complex learning and behavior.

For most children sensory integration develops in the course of ordinary childhood activities.  But for some children, sensory integration does not develop as efficiently as it should.  This is known as sensory processing disorder (SPD) or dysfunction in sensory integration (DSI).  When the process is disordered a number of problems in learning, motor skills and behavior may be evident.

Binocular therapy (vision therapy, visual integration) is an integral part of the multi-disciplinary therapies necessary to effectively treat children and adults with:

  • Sensory Integration Problems
  • Developmental Delays
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries
  • Autism
  • ADD and ADHD
Binocular therapy / vision therapy is used to establish visual integration and, as a treatment component, can dramatically improve the effectiveness of the other therapy programs. It is important to remember that sensory integration is much more difficult to achieve without visual integration. The lack of visual integration slows, and in some cases prevents, progress in other therapy areas.
Visual integration supports:
            Balance                                                         Visual memory
            Speech                                                          Gross motor skills
            Spatial awareness                                      Fine motor skills
            Figure-ground discrimination                   Startle reflex
            Visualization                                                 Motor planning
            Comprehension                                          Ability to follow directions
The most common visual interferences are: Lack of eye teaming for continuous binocular vision and the inability to process light input for central vision and peripheral vision at the same time.
Reading and near point tasks are dependent upon eye teaming, visual processing, visual memory and the overall performance of the visual system. When treatment objectives are reading and academics, it is important to evaluate the performance of the visual system to determine the patient’s probability of success.
Symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder:
  • Cries and shields eyes from the sun and other bright lights
  • "Selective" hearing or difficulty listening
  • Picky eater - resists new foods and textures
  • Complains about tags in clothing
  • Unaware of normal touch or pain; often touches others too softly or with too much force
  • Dislikes being tickled or cuddled
  • Poor gross motor skills, such as running or riding a bicycle
  • Walks on tiptoes
  • Trouble focusing and / or concentrating
  • Overly sensitive to loud sounds
  • Smells people, food and objects
  • Chews on everything, including clothing
  • Poor fine motor skills, such as handwriting and using scissors
  • Difficulty dressing self
  • Sits with legs in a "W" position
  • Does not like to go barefoot
Since 1991, our team of trained specialists have been providing accurate, professional diagnoses and state-of-the-art treatment you can count on. Our expertise, experience and results speak for themselves. We look forward to being of service to you and your family.
Testing and Treatment for Binocular Vision and Sensory Integration Issues Relating to:
  • ADD / ADHD                                                
  • Autism
  • Binocular Function
  • Developmental Delays
  • Eye Tracking and Eye Teaming
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Reading Problems
  • Reversals (Letters, Words and Numbers)
  • Visual Discrimination
  • Visual Memory
  • Visual-Motor Integration
Improvement Starts Here

With over 25 years of proven success, you can trust Advanced Vision Therapy Center to provide the care you need.

Our Clinical Director is Idaho's only residency trained optometrist in vision therapy and neuro-optometry and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry.  His residency at University of California, Berkeley means he has the expertise and experience to treat even the most complex cases.

Read what our patients have to say.

  Vision therapy can be a bit unfamiliar to some people. We are going to begin this blog by discussing briefly when vision therapy is used. Many visual conditions can be effectively treated and managed with prescription glasses or contact lenses. However, for other visual conditions (convergence insufficiency, binocular vision dysfunction, etc) prescription glasses or contact lenses cannot correct the vision problem. It is in these cases that vision therapy may be prescribed.   ... Read More
  Many people are unaware of the differences between an optometrist, a neuro-optometrist, and a behavioral or developmental optometrist. Sure, they sound alike but the services they provide are quite different. And if you, or someone you know, has a vision problem that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses this blog is for you.   ... Read More
  At Advanced Vision Therapy Center our results speak for themselves. Jonah, however, wanted to share his story with you. We invite you to watch this short video to learn more about Jonah's experience and success.   ... Read More
  It's a dangerous world we live in today! With October upon us, people are thinking about spooky, creepy crawly things, and of course things that go bump in the night. Most ghoul hunters know that to protect themselves from the evil lurking in the shadows this time of year, they need the necessities such as garlic, silver bullets, a know, for protection.     ... Read More
  Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a term used within the medical community to describe an injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative. Traumatic Brain Injury can be result from a blow to the head, whiplash, seizure disorders, tumors, stroke, toxic exposure, or infectious diseases to name a few. The incidence of prevalence of brain injury outnumbers breast cancer, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis and HIV/AIDs combined.   ... Read More
  Many people have heard of vision therapy, but don't know a lot about it. As with any type of therapy, the effectiveness of the program is dependent upon several factors. It is advisable to ask questions and do your homework. Vision therapy programs vary greatly from provider to provider.   ... Read More
  Everyday in our schools students are presented with information that they are required to look at, interpret, and process that information. For years it was believed that the eyes had nothing to do with learning. That is definitely not the case. Did you know it is estimated that 80% of what we learn is through visual information?     ... Read More
  Convergence Insufficiency (CI) is a common eye-teaming problem which occurs when the eyes are unable to maintain the ocular posture necessary for reading or near tasks. Convergence Insufficiency results from misalignment of the eyes when focusing on up close, such as when reading. The eyes have a strong tendency to drift outward when reading or doing close up work. The exact cause is unknown.    ... Read More
  After this abnormally tedious Boise winter, we are all ready to get outside and play in the sun! Hold on though, before you rush outside, have you taken the necessary precautions to protect yourself for ultraviolet rays? There are three types of ultraviolet rays, these wavelengths are not visible to the human eye and are shorter than violet wavelengths of light.    ... Read More
  Whether you are playing sports as a hobby or competitively there is a lot to consider. Are you using proper form? Is your equipment up to date? Are you warmed up? Are you wearing the appropriate safety gear? Is your opponent looking bigger and stronger than last time? Seriously, did he grow six inches? Whatever your thought process or preparation is you may be missing a key step. Are you wearing your protective eye-wear?   ... Read More
Contact Us

7960 W. Rifleman Street, #155
Boise , Idaho , 83704 USA
Phone:  208-377-1310
Fax:  208-321-1952